bellum

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拉丁語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈbel.lum/, [ˈbɛl.lʲʊ̃ˑ]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈbel.lum/, [ˈbɛl.lum]
  • 文檔

詞源1[编辑]

源自duellum,頭音由 duellumbellum(對比duisbis)。

名詞[编辑]

bellum n(属格 bellī); 第二类变格

  1. 戰爭
    Si omnes opinionibus pugnent non sint bella.
    If everyone should fight for their own convictions there would be no war.
變格[编辑]

第二類變格 noun (neuter)。

單數 複數
主格 bellum bella
屬格 bellī bellōrum
與格 bellō bellīs
賓格 bellum bella
奪格 bellō bellīs
呼格 bellum bella
近義詞[编辑]
派生詞[编辑]
相關詞彙[编辑]
派生語彙[编辑]
  • 英語: antebellum, postbellum

詞源2[编辑]

bellus (漂亮的)的變格形。

形容詞[编辑]

bellum

  1. bellus主格中性單數
  2. bellus賓格陽性單數
  3. bellus賓格中性單數
  4. bellus呼格中性單數

參考資料[编辑]

  • bellum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • bellum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bellum在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • bellum在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (模糊)to threaten some one with death, crucifixion, torture, war: minitari (minari) alicui mortem, crucem et tormenta, bellum
    • (模糊)to threaten war, carnage: denuntiare bellum, caedem (Sest. 20. 46)
    • (模糊)a religious war: bellum pro religionibus susceptum
    • (模糊)men exempt from service owing to age: qui per aetatem arma ferre non possunt or aetate ad bellum inutiles
    • (模糊)to charge some one with the conduct of a war: praeficere aliquem bello gerendo
    • (模糊)the command-in-chief: summa belli, imperii (B. G. 2. 4. 7)
    • (模糊)to make preparations for war: bellum parare
    • (模糊)preparations for war; war-material: apparatus (rare in plur.) belli
    • (模糊)to make formal declaration of war: bellum indīcere, denuntiare
    • (模糊)a regular, formal war: bellum iustum (pium)
    • (模糊)a civil war: bellum intestinum, domesticum (opp. bellum externum)
    • (模糊)to cause a war: bellum facere, movere, excitare
    • (模糊)to kindle a war: bellum conflare (Fam. 5. 2. 8)
    • (模糊)to meditate war: bellum moliri
    • (模糊)to commence hostilities: bellum incipere, belli initium facere (B. G. 7. 1. 5)
    • (模糊)to interfere in a war: bello se interponere (Liv. 35. 48)
    • (模糊)to be involved in a war: bello implicari
    • (模糊)to begin a war with some one: bellum cum aliquo inire
    • (模糊)a war is imminent: bellum impendet, imminet, instat
    • (模糊)war breaks out: bellum oritur, exardescit
    • (模糊)everywhere the torch of war is flaming: omnia bello flagrant or ardent (Fam. 4. 1. 2)
    • (模糊)to make war on a person: bellum gerere cum aliquo
    • (模糊)to wage war in conjunction with some one: bellum coniungere (Imp. Pomp. 9. 26)
    • (模糊)to protract, prolong a war: bellum ducere, trahere, extrahere
    • (模糊)to carry on a war energetically: omni studio in (ad) bellum incumbere
    • (模糊)to invade: bellum inferre alicui (Att. 9. 1. 3)
    • (模糊)to be the aggressor in a war; to act on the offensive: bellum or arma ultro inferre
    • (模糊)to act on the defensive: bellum (inlatum) defendere
    • (模糊)to go to war, commence a campaign: proficisci ad bellum, in expeditionem (Sall. Iug. 103)
    • (模糊)to send to the war: mittere ad bellum
    • (模糊)to have the control of the war: bellum administrare
    • (模糊)to harass with war: bello persequi aliquem, lacessere
    • (模糊)to put an end to war: belli finem facere, bellum finire
    • (模糊)to terminate a war (by force of arms and defeat of one's opponents): bellum conficere, perficere
    • (模糊)to terminate a war (by a treaty, etc.: bellum componere (Fam. 10. 33)
    • (模糊)to transfer the seat of war elsewhere: bellum transferre alio, in...
    • (模糊)the seat of war, theatre of operations: belli sedes (Liv. 4. 31)
    • (模糊)to change one's tactics: rationem belli gerendi mutare (Liv. 32. 31)
    • (模糊)to triumph over some one: triumphare de aliquo (ex bellis)