allay

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英語[编辑]

其他寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古英語 alayen, aleyen, aleggen ← 古英語 āleċġan ← 原始日耳曼語 *uzlagjaną (躺下),等同於a- +‎ lay。與德語 erlegen, 哥特語 𐌿𐍃𐌻𐌰𐌲𐌾𐌰𐌽 (uslagjan, 躺下)同源。中古英語中形似allegealloy,因而出現了意思的交叉。

發音[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

to allay(第三人称单数现在式 allays,现在分词 allaying,过去式 allayed,过去分词 allayed

  1. 及物〉 使平息,使平靜
    近義詞:appease, assuage, compose, soothe, calm, quiet
    to allay popular excitement
    平息大眾的興奮
    to allay the tumult of the passions
    平息激動的騷亂
    • 1887, 柯南·道爾, 血字的研究:
      He had to pretend to be drunk in order to allay the suspicions which might have been aroused by his appearance at the gate.
    • 2020 2月 12, Mark Sweney, “Mobile World Congress axed after firms quit over coronavirus fears”, in The Guardian[1]:
      The trade show’s organisers had attempted to allay concerns by announcing more stringent health and safety measures including a ban on handshakes, and taking attendees’ temperatures.
  2. 及物減輕緩和
    近義詞:alleviate, abate
    to allay the severity of affliction or the bitterness of adversity
    使困境中的痛苦減輕
  3. 不及物〉〈平靜平息
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark IV:
      And the wynde alayed, and there folowed a greate calme: and he sayde unto them: why are ye fearfull?
    • Template:RQ:Shakespeare Henry 6-3
  4. 〉 混合金屬,製作合金
  5. 〉〈〉 因雜質而變壞
    • 1639, 托馬斯·富勒, The Historie of the Holy Warr:
      Yet far be it from us to condemn all their works to be dross, because debased and allayed with superstitious intents []

名詞[编辑]

allay(复数 allays

  1. 減輕減弱
  2. 合金

近義詞[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

異㡰詞[编辑]


克丘亞語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

allay

  1. 收穫土豆或其他塊莖植物

變格[编辑]

Template:Qu-noun-cTemplate:Qu-poss-c

動詞[编辑]

allay

  1. 及物挖掘;收穫塊莖作物

變位[编辑]

Template:Qu-conj

參見[编辑]