ladybird

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
參見:lady-bird

英語[编辑]

A ladybird. 一隻瓢蟲。

其他形式[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自 lady +‎ bird,這裡的 lady 指的是馬利亞,即耶穌的母親。對照德語 Marienkäfer (字面意思為瑪莉甲蟲)

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

ladybird (複數 ladybirds)

  1. 瓢蟲鞘翅目瓢蟲科成員的通稱
    近義詞: (北美洲) ladybug(部分昆蟲學家偏好使用) lady beetle(棄用,不列顛) ladycow(棄用,不列顛) lady fly(古舊,英國方言) bishy barnabee
    • 1914, Entomological Society of America, Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Volume 7, page 81,
      During this time, they eat about 825 Toxoptera per ladybird, making an average of about twenty-five per day to each ladybird.
      在此期間,每隻瓢蟲大約要吃掉825隻桔蚜,平均每隻瓢蟲每天要吃掉25隻桔蚜。
    • 1927, Hamilton Wright Mabie, Edward Everett Hale, and William Byron Forbush (editors), Childhood′s Favorites and Fairy Stories: The Young Folks Treasury, Volume 1, Gutenberg eBook #19993,
      Lady-bird, lady-bird, fly away home, / Thy house is on fire, thy children all gone: / All but one whose name is Ann, / And she crept under the pudding-pan.
      瓢蟲瓢蟲,飛回家去吧,/你的房子著火了,你的孩子都走了:/除了一個叫安的,/她爬到了布丁鍋下面。
    • 1976 September 30, Denis Owen, Ladybird, ladybird, fly away home, New Scientist, page 686[永久失效連結],
      Ladybirds, unlike most beetles, enjoy considerable popularity: they are attractive to look at and are well-known as useful predators of aphids—the greenfly and blackfly that destroy garden plants and crops.
      與大多數甲蟲不同,瓢蟲相當受歡迎:它們不僅外觀迷人,而且是眾所周知的蚜蟲-破壞花園植物和農作物的綠蠅和黑蠅-的有效捕食者。
    • 2008, John L. Capinera, Encyclopedia of Entomology, Springer-Verlag New York, 2nd Edition, page 2130,
      Perhaps it was a sense of lack of effectiveness of native ladybirds in rapid and complete control of aphid infestations that led to attempts to import additional aphid-feeding ladybird species into North America.
      也許正是因為感覺到當地瓢蟲在快速、徹底地控制蚜蟲蟲害方面缺乏有效性,人們才試圖向北美引進更多的以蚜蟲為食的瓢蟲物種。

用法說明[编辑]

ladybird 一詞在英式英語中使用,而 ladybug 則在美國和加拿大則很常見。

派生詞彙[编辑]

延伸閱讀[编辑]