源自拉丁語 causticus (腐蚀性的),源自καυστικός (kaustikós, 腐蚀性的)


  • 英語發音kôs'tĭk, kŏs'tĭk國際音標(幫助)/ˈkɔːstɪk/, /ˈkɒstɪk/
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  • 韻部:-ɔːstɪk


caustic (比較級 more caustic最高級 most caustic)

  1. 腐蚀性
  2. (指发言等) 尖酸的,刻薄的,挖苦
    • 1843, Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol:
      "How now!" said Scrooge, caustic and cold as ever.
    • 1843, Charles Dickens, Martin Chuzzlewit:
      The bargain was not concluded as easily as might have been expected though, for Scadder was caustic and ill-humoured, and cast much unnecessary opposition in the way
    • 1853, Charlotte Brontë, Villette
      Madame Beck esteemed me learned and blue; Miss Fanshawe, caustic, ironic, and cynical
    • 1857, Anthony Trollope, The Three Clerks:
      The Secretary and the Assistant-Secretaries would say little caustic things about him to the senior clerks, and seemed somewhat to begrudge him his new honours.
    • 1886, Thomas Hardy, The Mayor of Casterbridge:
      this set of worthies, who were only too prone to shut up their emotions with caustic words.
    • 1897年 12月(標示為1898年, Winston Churchill, 章號 8, 出自 The Celebrity: An Episode, 紐約: The Macmillan Company;倫敦:Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
      The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; [] 。 Our table in the dining-room became again the abode of scintillating wit and caustic repartee, Farrar bracing up to his old standard, and the demand for seats in the vicinity rose to an animated competition.
    • c. 1930, W.H.Auden, "The Quest"
      though he came too late / To join the martyrs, there was still a place / Among the tempters for a caustic tongue / / To test the resolution of the young / With tales of the small failings of the great





caustic (複數 caustics)

  1. 腐蚀性物质
  2. (光學计算机图形) 散焦线
  3. (數學) 散焦线
  4. (非正式化學) 烧碱