En-noun (複數 En-nouns)

Template:en-noun is an inflection template for most English nouns.

This template contains the necessary meta-data to allow users who are using accelerated editing to create any grammatical forms semi-automatically.


代码 效果 备注
{{en-noun}}{{en-noun|+}}{{en-noun|s}} noun(复数 nouns
{{en-noun}}{{en-noun|+}}{{en-noun|es}} church(复数 churches
{{en-noun}}{{en-noun|+}} belfry(复数 belfries
{{en-noun|-}} awe不可数
{{en-noun|-|+}}{{en-noun|-|s}} rain(通常不可数,复数 rains
{{en-noun|-|+}} greenery(通常不可数,复数 greeneries
{{en-noun|~}} beer可数 & 不可数,复数 beers
{{en-noun|!}} abligurition(plural not attested)
{{en-noun|?}} tuchus unknown or uncertain plural
{{en-noun|+|seraphim}} seraph(复数 seraphsseraphim
{{en-noun|head=[[hot]] [[dog]]}} hot dog(复数 hot dogs
{{en-noun|head=[[shoe]] [[polish]]|+}} shoe polish(复数 shoe polishes
{{en-noun|head=[[chain]][[man]]|chainmen}} chainman(复数 chainmen


Use this template to show the inflection line of an English singular noun.

This template shows the noun in bold (optionally linking its components) and its plural inflections, if any.


If the term has uncountable senses, the template can indicate whether the term is sometimes or never countable. Specifying - as the first parameter indicates that a term is uncountable, and no plural is shown by default. If it may occasionally be used as countable, specify the plural form after it.


Specifying ~ instead indicates that the term is used more or less equally as countable and as uncountable, and uses the default plural.


In entries for English plural-only nouns, use {{en-plural noun}}:

{{en-plural noun}} 
{{en-plural noun|head=[[Christmas]] [[lights]]}} 
{{en-plural noun|head=firework}}


The default plural is formed as follows:

  1. If the noun ends in -s, -x, -z, -sh or -ch, add -es.
  2. If the noun ends in -y preceded by a consonant (any letter other than a, e, i, o or u), change the -y to -i and add -es.
  3. Otherwise, add -s.

If the noun forms its plural according to these rules, no parameters are necessary. E.g. on "cherry":


The above code displays as follows:


cherry (plural cherries)

If the noun forms its plural in any other way (e.g. on "mouse"):

erratum (plural errata)
mouse (plural mice)

Likewise, if the noun is identical in the plural, but still countable, specify it, e.g. on "Abkhaz":

Abkhaz (plural Abkhaz)

To explicitly request the default plural, use +. This is not necessary if the only has one plural, but it useful if the noun has multiple plurals, e.g. on "octopus":

octopus (plural octopuses or octopi or octopodes)

If the noun is uncountable, use -, e.g. on "awe":

awe (uncountable)

If the noun is usually uncountable, use - followed by an explicit plural, e.g. on "reality":

reality (usually uncountable, plural realities)

If the noun is either countable or uncountable, use ~, e.g. on "beer" and "geometry":

beer (countable and uncountable; plural beers)
geometry (countable and uncountable; plural geometries)

If you want to qualify a plural, use |plNqual=:

tree (plural trees or (obsolete) treen)

Pluralia tantum

If the word is a plurale tantum (always or usually used in the plural only, such as scissors or cattle), then use {{en-plural noun}} instead.


To confirm that any changes retain the required functionality, review Template:en-noun/test.