be

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
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  另见: Be, be-

英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

(< 900) 中古英语 been < 古英語 beon < 原始印欧语 *bheu-(变成,出现)。不规则变位形式源于古英语复合动词 bēon-wesan
be來自根「成为,变得」,amisare均源自「存在」,waswere源自「停留,保持」。

发音

動詞[编辑]

be 是英语中的系动词。

  1. I am a student. 我是学生。
    Ignorance is bliss. 无知是福。
  2. 有、存在
    Once upon a time, there was a monk who lived in isolation. 从前有个隐居的僧侣。
  3. 位于、在(某处)
    The cup is on the table. 杯子在桌子上。
  4. (时间、地点上)发生
    When will the meeting be? 会议是在几点?
  5. 留在(某地)
    They will be here until Christmas. 他们将在这里,一直(住)到圣诞节。
  6. 出席、到场
    I'll be there soon. 我一会就到。
    The postman has been today, but my tickets have still not yet come. 邮递员今天来过了,但我的票还没到。
  7. 前往、访问、到
    I have been to Spain many times. 我去过西班牙很多次。
  8. 来自、是(某地的)人
    She is from Italy. 她是意大利人。
  9. (用于提供信息)
    He was president of France from 1981 to 1995. 他在1981-1995年间是法国总统。
    The sky is blue. 天是蓝的。
  10. (用于描述情况、表达想法)
    Why is it so dark in here? 这里怎么这么暗?
    It is thirty-five degrees outside, and next week it is expected to hit fourty! 现在外面35°C,下周可能会超过40°C。
  11. (用于表达时间)
    It is almost eight. 快八点了。
  12. (用于表达所用材料)
  13. (表示某物所属)
    The package is for you. 包裹是给你的。
  14. 花费、值
    Sir, it's fifty dollars in total. 先生,总共五十块钱。
  15. 等于、等同于
    3 times 5 is fifteen. 3乘5得15。
  16. (用于表达重要性)

助动词[编辑]

  1. (与过去分词连用构成被动语态)
    The mail was received yesterday. 信是在昨天收到的。
  2. (与现在分词连用构成进行时)
    The woman is walking. 那个女人在走路。
  3. (用于反义疑问句)
  4. (用于代替重复的动词或表语完整形式)
    He is from here, but she is. 他不是本地人,但她是。
  5. (表示必须或应该)
    You are to report this to the police. 这种情况下你应该报警。
  6. (表示安排或计划)
    I am to leave tomorrow. 我明天走。
  7. (表示此后发生的事)
  8. (表示不会或没有发生的事)
    I would drive you, were I to obtain a car. 我如果有车的话就带你去了。
  9. (表述条件)

变位[编辑]

be 为不规则动词。下表中标注的是美式英语重读发音。

不定式 to be
命令式 be
现在分词 being
过去分词 been
现在直陈式 过去直陈式 将来直陈式 现在虚拟式 过去虚拟式 将来虚拟式 条件虚拟式
第一人称单数 am was shall / will be be were were to be would be
第二人称单数 you are,
thou art[旧]
you were,
thou wast[旧]
you will be,
thou wilt be[旧]
you be,
thou beest[旧]
you were,
thou wert[旧]
you were to be,
thou wert to be[旧]
you would be,
thou wouldst be[旧]
第三人称单数 is was will be be were were to be would be
第一人称复数 are were shall / will be be were were to be would be
第二人称复数 are were will be be were were to be would be
第三人称复数 are were will be be were were to be would be

邏輯語[编辑]


逻辑语

將前面的sumti與後面的sumti連接成一個單位,be後面的字表be前面字的x2

  • 例:
    1. le klama be la paris. - 去巴黎的人
    2. le klama be fo la paris. - 經過巴黎去某地的人

滿語[编辑]

介詞[编辑]

賓格介詞,置於被修飾名詞之後,相當於漢語的「把‧‧‧」

越南语

發音[编辑]

北部方言(河內)
中部方言(順化)
南部方言(西貢)

釋義[编辑]

  1. 培高,加高
  2. (叫骂声)
  3. 舷舨




挪威语[编辑]

[动词] 求,请,邀请,请求


西班牙语[编辑]

f. 字母b的名称



满语

把 我们;博