tempus

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芬蘭語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

tempus

  1. (語言學, 過時) 時態

變格[编辑]

tempus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)的變格
主格 tempus tempukset
屬格 tempuksen tempusten
tempuksien
部分格 tempusta tempuksia
入格 tempukseen tempuksiin
單數 複數
主格 tempus tempukset
賓格 nom. tempus tempukset
gen. tempuksen
屬格 tempuksen tempusten
tempuksien
部分格 tempusta tempuksia
內格 tempuksessa tempuksissa
出格 tempuksesta tempuksista
入格 tempukseen tempuksiin
所格 tempuksella tempuksilla
奪格 tempukselta tempuksilta
向格 tempukselle tempuksille
樣格 tempuksena tempuksina
變格 tempukseksi tempuksiksi
具格 tempuksin
缺格 tempuksetta tempuksitta
共格 tempuksineen

近義詞[编辑]


拉丁語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈtem.pus/, [ˈt̪ɛm.pʊs]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈtem.pus/, [ˈt̪ɛm.pus]
  • 文檔

詞源1[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

tempus n(属格 temporis); 第三类变格

  1. (書面) 時間時節
    ad/in tempus
    tempus diurnum白天
    1. (特指) 期間
      • 397 CE – 401 CE, Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis, Confessions 4:
        per īdem tempus annōrum novem, ab ūndēvīcēnsimō annō aetātis meae ūsque ad duodētrīcēnsimum, sēdūcēbāmur et sēdūcēbāmus
        在從我19歲到28歲的這9年,我誤入歧途,並帶領其他人跟隨我。
  2. (轉義)
    1. (書面)
      1. (統稱) 時間
      2. (特指) 契機機會
        in tempore正好
        ad tempus venīre正好來到
        ante tempus太早 (字面意思为:“比正好的時間早”)
    2. (轉義):
      1. (用複數) 情況狀況
        prō tempore根據情況
      2. (詩歌, 修辭) 數量
      3. (語法) 時態
變格[编辑]

第三類變格 noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem)。

單數 複數
主格 tempus tempora
屬格 temporis temporum
與格 temporī temporibus
賓格 tempus tempora
奪格 tempore temporibus
呼格 tempus tempora
派生詞[编辑]
派生語彙[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

源自詞源1。參見古英語 þunwang ()中古高地德語 tinnetinge (額頭,顳)

較少用單數形,參見古希臘語τὰ καίρῐᾰ (tà kaíria)

名詞[编辑]

tempus n(属格 temporis); 第三类变格

  1. (用複數, 解剖學)
  2. (詩歌, 轉義)
變格[编辑]

第三類變格 noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem)。

單數 複數
主格 tempus tempora
屬格 temporis temporum
與格 temporī temporibus
賓格 tempus tempora
奪格 tempore temporibus
呼格 tempus tempora
派生語彙[编辑]

詞源3[编辑]

源自詞源1。

名詞[编辑]

tempus n(属格 temporis); 第三类变格

  1. (中世紀拉丁語, 罕用) 天氣
變格[编辑]

第三類變格 noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem)。

單數 複數
主格 tempus tempora
屬格 temporis temporum
與格 temporī temporibus
賓格 tempus tempora
奪格 tempore temporibus
呼格 tempus tempora
派生語彙[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  • tempus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • tempus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • tempus在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • tempus在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be separated by an immense interval of space and time: intervallo locorum et temporum disiunctum esse
    • time passes: tempus praeterit, transit
    • to have time for a thing: tempus habere alicui rei
    • I have no time to do something: tempus mihi deest ad aliquid faciendum
    • to pass one's time in doing something: tempus consumere in aliqua re
    • to waste time on something: tempus terere, conterere (in) aliqua re
    • to employ one's time in..: tempus conferre ad aliquid
    • to devote time to anything: tempus tribuere alicui rei
    • to lose no time: tempus non amittere, perdere
    • to devote every spare moment to...; to work without intermission at a thing: nullum tempus intermittere, quin (also ab opere, or ad opus)
    • to spend time: tempus ducere
    • to put off till another time; to postpone: aliquid in aliud tempus, in posterum differre
    • to require, give, take time for deliberation: tempus (spatium) deliberandi or ad deliberandum postulare, dare, sibi sumere
    • to accommodate oneself to circumstances: tempori servire, cedere
    • since the time that, since (at the beginning of a sentence): ex quo tempore or simply ex quo
    • at the same moment that, precisely when: eo ipso tempore, cum; tum ipsum, cum
    • occasions arise for..: incidunt tempora, cum
    • circumstances demand: tempus (ita) fert (not secum)
    • it is high time that..: tempus maximum est, ut
    • the present day: haec tempora, nostra haec aetas, memoria
    • in our time; in our days: his temporibus, nostra (hac) aetate, nostra memoria, his (not nostris) diebus
    • in the time of Pericles: aetate (temporibus) Periclis
    • in old days, in the olden time: antiquis temporibus
    • the imperial epoch: tempora Caesariana
    • a man of considerable learning for those times: vir ut temporibus illis doctus
    • in process of time: tempore progrediente
    • at the first opportunity: primo quoque tempore
    • at this moment: hoc tempore
    • in an instant: puncto temporis
    • at the important moment: momento temporis
    • just at the critical moment: in ipso discrimine (articulo) temporis
    • on the spur of the moment: temporis causa
    • to be there at a given time: ad tempus adesse
    • for a short time: ad exiguum tempus
    • for a short time: brevis or exigui temporis
    • after some time: spatio temporis intermisso
    • at present; for the moment: in praesentia, in praesens (tempus)
    • the spirit of the times, the fashion: saeculi consuetudo or ratio atque inclinatio temporis (temporum)
    • the succession of the four seasons: commutationes temporum quadripartitae
    • in spring, summer, autumn, winter time: verno, aestivo, auctumnali, hiberno tempore
    • the charms of spring: suavitas verni temporis
    • morning, noon, evening, night: tempus matutīnum, meridianum, vespertinum, nocturnum
    • the morning hours: tempora matutina
    • to live (all) one's life (honourably, in the country, as a man of learning): vitam, aetatem (omnem aetatem, omne aetatis tempus) agere (honeste, ruri, in litteris), degere, traducere
    • the last stage of life, one's last days: extremum tempus aetatis
    • under such unfavourable circumstances: in tanta rerum (temporum) iniquitate
    • according to circumstances: pro re (nata), pro tempore
    • according to circumstances: pro tempore et pro re
    • not to leave off work for an instant: nullum tempus a labore intermittere
    • to spend one's leisure hours on an object: otiosum tempus consumere in aliqua re
    • to devote all one's leisure moments to study: omne (otiosum) tempus in litteris consumere
    • the history of our own times; contemporary history: memoria huius aetatis (horum temporum)
    • universal history: omnis memoria, omnis memoria aetatum, temporum, civitatum or omnium rerum, gentium, temporum, saeculorum memoria
    • to consult history: memoriam annalium or temporum replicare
    • the mythical period, the heroic age: tempora heroica (N. D. 3. 21. 54)
    • to go back to the remote ages: repetere ab ultima (extrema, prisca) antiquitate (vetustate), ab heroicis temporibus
    • chronology: temporum ratio, descriptio, ordo
    • to observe the chronological order of events: temporum ordinem servare
    • to observe the chronological order of events: servare et notare tempora
    • to narrate events in the order of their occurrence: res temporum ordine servato narrare
    • to make a chronological mistake: temporibus errare (Phil. 2. 9. 23)
    • to calculate the date of an event: ad temporum rationem aliquid revocare
    • to be exact in calculating dates: diligentem esse in exquirendis temporibus
    • to speak extempore: subito, ex tempore (opp. ex praeparato) dicere

拉脫維亞語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

tempus m

  1. temps的賓格複數形

新挪威語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 tempus (時間)tempo同源對似詞

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

tempus n(定單數 tempuset,不定複數 tempus,定複數 tempusa

  1. (語言學, 語法) 時態

變格[编辑]

Template:Nn-noun-infl

參考資料[编辑]


撒丁語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 tempus,源自原始印歐語 *tempos (拉長),源自詞根*temp- (拉長)

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

tempus m(複數 tempos

  1. (可數, 不可數) 時間
  2. (不可數) 天氣