scribo

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拉丁語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自原始意大利語 *skreiβō,源自原始印歐語 *(s)kreybʰ-。與古希臘語 σκάριφος (skáriphos)等同源。

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈskriː.boː/
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈskri.bo/, [ˈskriː.bɔ]
  • 文檔

動詞[编辑]

scrībō(现在时不定式 scrībere,完成时主动式 scrīpsī,目的动名词 scrīptum); 第三类变位

变位[编辑]

   scrībō的變位 (第三類變位)
直陳式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 scrībō scrībis scrībit scrībimus scrībitis scrībunt
未完成過去時 scrībēbam scrībēbās scrībēbat scrībēbāmus scrībēbātis scrībēbant
將來時 scrībam scrībēs scrībet scrībēmus scrībētis scrībent
完成時 scrīpsī scrīpsistī scrīpsit scrīpsimus scrīpsistis scrīpsērunt, scrīpsēre
過去完成時 scrīpseram scrīpserās scrīpserat scrīpserāmus scrīpserātis scrīpserant
將來完成時 scrīpserō scrīpseris scrīpserit scrīpserimus scrīpseritis scrīpserint
被動 現在時 scrībor scrīberis, scrībere scrībitur scrībimur scrībiminī scrībuntur
未完成過去時 scrībēbar scrībēbāris, scrībēbāre scrībēbātur scrībēbāmur scrībēbāminī scrībēbantur
將來時 scrībar scrībēris, scrībēre scrībētur scrībēmur scrībēminī scrībentur
完成時 scrīptus + 現在主動直陳形 of sum
過去完成時 scrīptus + 未完成主動直陳形 of sum
將來完成時 scrīptus + 將來主動直陳形 of sum
虛擬式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 scrībam scrībās scrībat scrībāmus scrībātis scrībant
未完成過去時 scrīberem scrīberēs scrīberet scrīberēmus scrīberētis scrīberent
完成時 scrīpserim scrīpserīs scrīpserit scrīpserīmus scrīpserītis scrīpserint
過去完成時 scrīpsissem scrīpsissēs scrīpsisset scrīpsissēmus scrīpsissētis scrīpsissent
被動 現在時 scrībar scrībāris, scrībāre scrībātur scrībāmur scrībāminī scrībantur
未完成過去時 scrīberer scrīberēris, scrīberēre scrīberētur scrīberēmur scrīberēminī scrīberentur
完成時 scrīptus + 現在主動虛擬形 of sum
過去完成時 scrīptus + 未完成主動虛擬形 of sum
命令式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 scrībe scrībite
將來時 scrībitō scrībitō scrībitōte scrībuntō
被動 現在時 scrībere scrībiminī
將來時 scrībitor scrībitor scrībuntor
非定形 主動 被動
現在時 完成時 將來時 現在時 完成時 將來時
不定式 scrībere scrīpsisse scrīptūrum esse scrībī scrīptum esse scrīptum īrī
分詞 scrībēns scrīptūrus scrīptus scrībendus, scrībundus
動詞性名詞 動名詞 目的分詞
屬格 與格 賓格 奪格 賓格 奪格
scrībendī scrībendō scrībendum scrībendō scrīptum scrīptū

派生詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

參考資料[编辑]

  • scribo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • scribo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • scribo在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to write a history: historiam (-as) scribere
    • to write poetry: versus facere, scribere
    • to write correctly, in faultless style: emendate scribere
    • to write good Latin: latine scribere (Opt. Gen. Or. 2. 4)
    • to take to writing, become an author: scribere
    • to write a book: librum scribere, conscribere
    • to write a letter to some one: epistulam (litteras) dare, scribere, mittere ad aliquem
    • to separate, be divorced (used of man or woman): repudium dicere or scribere alicui
    • to appoint some one as heir in one's will: aliquem heredem testamento scribere, facere
    • to make laws (of a legislator): leges scribere, facere, condere, constituere (not dare)
    • a legislator: qui leges scribit (not legum lator)
    • to levy troops: milites (exercitum) scribere, conscribere
    • to levy recruits to fill up the strength: supplementum cogere, scribere, legere
    • (模糊)we read in history: apud rerum scriptores scriptum videmus, scriptum est
    • (模糊)I have nothing to write about: non habeo, non est quod scribam
    • (模糊)to hold by the letter (of the law): verba ac litteras or scriptum (legis) sequi (opp. sententia the spirit)
    • (模糊)we read in Plato: apud Platonem scriptum videmus, scriptum est or simply est
    • (模糊)in Plato's 'Phaedo' we read: in Platonis Phaedone scriptum est
    • (模糊)full of orthographical errors: mendose scriptum
    • (模糊)the law says..: in lege scriptum est, or simply est
  • Template:R:Sihler 1995