sais

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英語[编辑]

John Edmund Taylor, “Poor Jack” and his Syce (1881), Wellcome Collection, London, United Kingdom

詞源1[编辑]

來自印地語印度斯坦),來自阿拉伯語 سَائِس(sāʾis, 馬夫、馬伕),來自سَاس(sās, 飼養馬匹)

替代寫法[编辑]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

sais(複數 saises

  1. (印度) 馬夫或負責照顧馬的傭人
    • 1808,Thomas Williamson, Oriental Field Sports; being a Complete, Detailed, and Accurate Description of the Wild Sports of the East [...] In Two Volumes,卷號II,London:Printed by W[illiam] Bulmer and Co. Cleveland-Row, St. James's; for Edward Orme, Bond-Street, the corner of Brook-Street, and B. Crosby and Co. Stationers' Court, OCLC 225413285, 頁號213:
      Not one of them [horse dealers] will venture a horse, he is about to sell, in the stables of the intended purchaser, unless attended by one of his own syces, or grooms, who both knows and is known by the animal. If the horse be very old, or naturally dull, the syce takes care to ply him with spices and other stimulants; and if vicious, opium, and other anodynes are given; so that the horse is absolutely in a state of disguise.
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    • 1849年4月19日,“General Return of Casualties in the Army of the Punjaub in the Action at Goojerat on the 21st February 1849, between the British Forces under the Personal Command of General the Right Hon. Hugh Baron Gough, G.C.B., Commander-in-Chief of the Forces in India, and the Rebel Army under the Sirdar Chuttur Singh and Rajah Shere Singh”,出自 The Indian News, and Chronicle of Eastern Affairs,期號160,London, OCLC 64234884, 頁號179:
      4th Troop 1st Brigade—3 rank and file, 1 syce, 17 horses, killed; []
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    • Template:RQ:Kipling Plain Tales
    • 1890, Flora Annie Webster Steel; Grace Gardiner, “The Duties of the Servants”, in The Complete Indian Housekeeper and Cook: Giving the Duties of Mistress and Servants, the General Management of the House and Practical Recipes for Cooking in all its Branches, Edinburgh: F. Murray, OCLC 228145908; reprinted Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 978-1-108-02193-7, page 68:
      THE DUTIES OF THE SAIS OR GROOM. [] Now, if the good house-mother's proudest boast is that not even "the cattle within her gate" fail to feel her kindly care, she will often find it necessary to take an active part in teaching the sais his duty, and seeing that the horses receive proper attention. [] The old plan of a sais and a grass-cutter to each horse is a thing of the past, and the number of saises or grooms should have reference merely to the amount of harnessing and out-work necessary during the day.
    • 1906,Charles A[tmore] Sherring,“Superstitions”,出自 Western Tibet and the British Borderland; the Sacred Country of Hindus and Buddhists, with an Account of the Government, Religion, and Customs of its Peoples,London:Edward Arnold, OCLC 3827957, 頁號100:
      But apart from the story of the havildar, my own syce, a hillman who attends my pony, has actually seen two ghosts, with one of whom he held a long conversation.
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    • 1924E[dward] M[organ] ForsterA Passage to India,London:Edward Arnold & Co., OCLC 558998361; republished New York, N.Y.:Harcourt, Brace & World,1952, OCLC 11177613, 頁號13:
      Dinner, dinner, dinner … but when he returned to the house for it, Mahmoud Ali had drifted away in his turn, to speak to his sais.
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    • 1974,Apa Pant,“Dreams and Destinations”,出自 A Moment in Time,Bombay:Orient Longman, OCLC 837947596, 頁號76:
      The horse also, as if it had its own premonitions, refused to get on to those rickety planks, though the rest of the party had negotiated them safely. The sais (horse attendant), who had no such anxieties, crossed ahead of us and struggled for some minutes to drag the poor frightened animal, with myself on its back, across the chasm.
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    • 1987Sara BanerjiThe Wedding of Jayanthi Mandel,London:Victor Gollancz Ltd., →ISBN:
      We have not been able to get a good syce for our animal, and have had to make do with a young and inexperienced fellow.
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    • 2010Rudyard Kipling; James Daley, comp.,“The Maltese Cat”,出自 Great Horse Stories,Mineola, N.Y.:Dover Publications, →ISBN, 頁號95:
      Each pony had his sais, his groom, who lived and ate and slept with the animal, and had betted a good deal more than he could afford on the result of the game. There was no chance of anything going wrong, but to make sure, each sais was shampooing the legs of his pony to the last minute. Behind the saises sat as many of the Skidars' regiment as had leave to attend the match []
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  2. (馬來亞, 過時) 通常寫成syce司機駕駛
    A 1919 photograph of M. C. Westerman, Mr. and Mrs. Soeters, and a chauffeur, in Ambarawa, Central Java, Dutch East Indies
    • 1935,Ralph Lionel German, Handbook to British Malaya, 1935,[London]:[R. L. German]: Obtainable from the Malay Information Agency, Waterlow and Sons, OCLC 27325434, 頁號50:
      House servants are usually either Chinese or Tamil, the former predominating, especially in towns of any size. The domestic staff will in general consist of a houseboy (in large establishments two houseboys), a water carrier (tukang ayer), whose duties include washing dishes and preparing baths, a cook, a gardener, a chauffeur or sais, and perhaps an ayah (if Chinese, amah) or two, according to the size of the family.
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    • 1988Margaret PembertonA Multitude of Sins,New York, N.Y.:Bantam Books, OCLC 746914751:
      [A]fter their first few days there he had hired a syce, a Malay chauffeur. The syce, who had been squatting down, sheltering in the shade of the car, jumped to his feet at their approach, opening the doors for them with an efficient flourish.
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    • 1994,Laurence C[arl] Bergquist, Destiny: A Southeast Asia Saga, 1928–1953: Singapore, Malaya, Indonesia,Pacifica, Calif.:Pacifica Press, →ISBN, 頁號51:
      Each establishment had a retinue of Chinese or Malay servants, on average consisting of a cook, one or two "house boys," a tukang kebun (gardener), a sais (chauffeur), and an ayah or amah (maid or nurse) to take care of ironing []
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    • 1999,Mary Sydney Burke, The Soldier's Wife: Peace and War,London:Janus Publishing Company, →ISBN, 頁號128:
      The lady – a very elegant Romanian by birth – arrived with her daughter Miriam, the English governess, the secretary, a detective, and last of all the syce, or chauffeur, who seated himself in the garden rather than wait in the large Rolls-Royce parked outside, with the family crest placed above the number plate.
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    • 2005Christopher [Alan] Bayly; Tim[othy Norman] Harper, Forgotten Armies: The Fall of British Asia, 1941–1945,Cambridge, Mass.:The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, →ISBN, 頁號53:
      [T]he expansion of the service economy, for the home, the office and the municipality, had created a more mixed labouring world. A wealthy European or Asian home would bring together a Chinese amah, or maid, a Malay syce, or chauffeur, and an Indian kebun, or gardener, operating through a Malay lingua franca. On a larger scale, in the invisible city, ethnic communities were pushed closer together, often for the first time.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

詞源2[编辑]

says 的非標準拼寫

發音[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

sais

  1. 用來表示非標準發音的says
    • 1855 August,“Editor's Drawer”,出自 Harper's New Monthly Magazine,卷號XI,期號LXIII,New York, N.Y.:Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 329 & 331 Pearl Street, Franklin Square, OCLC 1641392, 頁號425:
      'Yes,' sais I, 'what's left of me; but, good gracious,' sais I, 'you have got the 'heaves.' I hope it ain't catchin'.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2000Frederic Remington,“Sun-Down Leflare's Warm Spot”,出自John D. Seelye編, Stories of the Old West: Tales of the Mining Camp, Cavalry Troop, & Cattle Ranch,Norman, Ok.:University of Oklahoma Press, →ISBN, 頁號203:
      Well, he tak some young man un he go off to Alsaroke to steal horse, un I seet roun' un watch dat woman. She watch me. Pretty soon camp was hunt de buffalo, un I was hunt Snow-Owl's woman. Every one was excite, un dey don' tak no 'count of me. I see de woman go up leetle coulie for stray horse, un I follar her. I sais, 'How do? You come be my woman. We run off to Meestar MacDonnail's tradehouse.' [] She sais she afraid.
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回文構詞[编辑]


阿克蘭語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自西班牙語 seis

數詞[编辑]

sais

來源[编辑]


法語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

sais

  1. savoir第一人稱/第二人稱單數現在時直陳式

回文構詞[编辑]


印尼語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

sais

  1. 駕駛司機

佛得角克里奧爾語[编辑]

佛得角克里奧爾語基數詞
 <  5 6 7  > 
    基數詞sais

詞源[编辑]

來自葡萄牙語 seis

數詞[编辑]

sais

  1. (6)

葡萄牙語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

sais

  1. sair 的第二人稱單數(tu)現在時直陳式

名詞[编辑]

sais m

  1. sal複數

他加祿語[编辑]

他加祿語基數詞
 <  5 6 7  > 
    基數詞sais
    序數詞ika-sais

詞源[编辑]

源自西班牙語 seis

發音[编辑]

數詞[编辑]

saís

  1. 近義詞: anim

托克皮辛語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

來自英語 size

名詞[编辑]

sais

  1. 尺寸