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revoco

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

拉丁語

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詞源

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来自re- +‎ voco

發音

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動詞

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revocō (现在时不定式 revocāre,完成时主动式 revocāvī,目的动名词 revocātum); 第一类变位

  1. 叫回,召回

變位

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   revocō (第一類變位)的變位
直陳式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 revocō revocās revocat revocāmus revocātis revocant
未完成過去時 revocābam revocābās revocābat revocābāmus revocābātis revocābant
將來時 revocābō revocābis revocābit revocābimus revocābitis revocābunt
完成時 revocāvī revocāvistī,
revocāstī1
revocāvit,
revocāt1
revocāvimus,
revocāmus1
revocāvistis,
revocāstis1
revocāvērunt,
revocāvēre,
revocārunt1
過去完成時 revocāveram,
revocāram1
revocāverās,
revocārās1
revocāverat,
revocārat1
revocāverāmus,
revocārāmus1
revocāverātis,
revocārātis1
revocāverant,
revocārant1
將來完成時 revocāverō,
revocārō1
revocāveris,
revocāris1
revocāverit,
revocārit1
revocāverimus,
revocārimus1
revocāveritis,
revocāritis1
revocāverint,
revocārint1
被動 現在時 revocor revocāris,
revocāre
revocātur revocāmur revocāminī revocantur
未完成過去時 revocābar revocābāris,
revocābāre
revocābātur revocābāmur revocābāminī revocābantur
將來時 revocābor revocāberis,
revocābere
revocābitur revocābimur revocābiminī revocābuntur
完成時 revocātus + 現在主動直陳形 of sum
過去完成時 revocātus + 未完成主動直陳形 of sum
將來完成時 revocātus + 將來主動直陳形 of sum
虛擬式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 revocem revocēs revocet revocēmus revocētis revocent
未完成過去時 revocārem revocārēs revocāret revocārēmus revocārētis revocārent
完成時 revocāverim,
revocārim1
revocāverīs,
revocārīs1
revocāverit,
revocārit1
revocāverīmus,
revocārīmus1
revocāverītis,
revocārītis1
revocāverint,
revocārint1
過去完成時 revocāvissem,
revocāssem1
revocāvissēs,
revocāssēs1
revocāvisset,
revocāsset1
revocāvissēmus,
revocāssēmus1
revocāvissētis,
revocāssētis1
revocāvissent,
revocāssent1
被動 現在時 revocer revocēris,
revocēre
revocētur revocēmur revocēminī revocentur
未完成過去時 revocārer revocārēris,
revocārēre
revocārētur revocārēmur revocārēminī revocārentur
完成時 revocātus + 現在主動虛擬形 of sum
過去完成時 revocātus + 未完成主動虛擬形 of sum
命令式 單數 複數
第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱 第一人稱 第二人稱 第三人稱
主動 現在時 revocā revocāte
將來時 revocātō revocātō revocātōte revocantō
被動 現在時 revocāre revocāminī
將來時 revocātor revocātor revocantor
非定形 主動 被動
現在時 完成時 將來時 現在時 完成時 將來時
不定式 revocāre revocāvisse,
revocāsse1
revocātūrum esse revocārī revocātum esse revocātum īrī
分詞 revocāns revocātūrus revocātus revocandus
動詞性名詞 動名詞 目的分詞
屬格 與格 賓格 奪格 賓格 奪格
revocandī revocandō revocandum revocandō revocātum revocātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

派生语汇

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  • 加泰羅尼亞語: revocar
  • 英語: revoke, revocate
  • 法語: révoquer
  • 意大利語: revocare

參考資料

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  • revoco in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • revoco”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • revoco在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français (拉丁語-法語詳解詞典), Hachette中的內容
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to recall a thing to one's recollection: memoriam alicuius rei renovare, revocare (redintegrare)
    • to recall a thing to a person's mind: in memoriam alicuius redigere, reducere aliquid (not revocare)
    • to reduce a thing to its theoretical principles; to apply theory to a thing: ad artem, ad rationem revocare aliquid (De Or. 2. 11. 44)
    • to resume one's studies: intermissa studia revocare
    • to systematise: ad rationem, ad artem et praecepta revocare aliquid (De Or. 1. 41)
    • to deal with a subject on scientific principles: ad philosophorum or philosophandi rationes revocare aliquid
    • to calculate the date of an event: ad temporum rationem aliquid revocare
    • he is encored several times: saepius revocatur (Liv. 7. 2. 9)
    • to prevent some one from growing angry, appease his anger: animum alicuius ab iracundia revocare
    • to bring some one back to his senses: ad sanitatem adducere, revocare aliquem
    • to return to ancient usage: in pristinam consuetudinem revocare aliquid
  • Francese, Christopher. Latin Core Vocabulary. Dickinson College Commentaries (2014).