miles

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英語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

  • IPA(幫助)/maɪlz/
  • 文檔

名詞[编辑]

miles

  1. mile複數
  2. (非正式) 表示極長的距離或時間。
    His final shot missed the bullseye by miles.
    他的最後一射離靶心太遠了。
    From the top of the hill you can see for miles.
    從山頂,你能俯瞰很遠的距離。
    No need to hurry. The deadline is miles away.
    沒必要那麼趕,離期限還遠著呢。

副詞[编辑]

miles(無比較級

  1. 用於加強比較級的語氣。
    Her new paintings are miles better than her older ones.
    她的新畫作比以前的好了。

異序詞[编辑]


法語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

miles

  1. mile複數

拉丁語[编辑]

其他寫法[编辑]

  • milex (晚期拉丁語/通俗拉丁語, Appendix Probi)

詞源[编辑]

未知。可能源自伊特拉斯坎語。後綴可能與pedes, eques, veles, comes有關,但mīl- 的來源不清楚。有說法認為與mīlia (數千)有關,即“走過數千里路的人”,但也無法確信。[1]

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

mīles m(属格 mīlitis); 第三类变格

  1. 士兵
  2. (中世紀拉丁語) 騎士
  3. 象棋和小兵棋等遊戲的棋子

變格[编辑]

第三類變格 noun。

單數 複數
主格 mīles mīlitēs
屬格 mīlitis mīlitum
與格 mīlitī mīlitibus
賓格 mīlitem mīlitēs
奪格 mīlite mīlitibus
呼格 mīles mīlitēs

派生詞[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 意大利語: milite
  • 皮埃蒙特語: mìlit
  • 葡萄牙語: mílite
  • 西班牙語: mílite
  • 威爾士語: milwr

參見[编辑]

Template:Table:chess pieces/la

參考資料[编辑]

  1. De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “mīles”, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 9789004167971, 页379
  • miles in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • miles in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • miles在Charles du Fresne du Cange的Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • miles在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fire with courage: animos militum accendere
    • to give furlough, leave of absence to soldiers: commeatum militibus dare (opp. petere)
    • veterans; experienced troops: vetus miles, veteranus miles
    • a soldier lightly armed, ready for battle: expeditus (opp. impeditus) miles
    • to pay the troops: stipendium dare, numerare, persolvere militibus
    • to encourage, embolden the soldiery: animos militum confirmare (B. G. 5. 49)
    • (模糊)to levy troops: milites (exercitum) scribere, conscribere
    • (模糊)to compel communities to provide troops: imperare milites civitatibus
    • (模糊)to make soldiers take the military oath: milites sacramento rogare, adigere
    • (模糊)light infantry: milites levis armaturae
    • (模糊)soldiers collected in haste; irregulars: milites tumultuarii (opp. exercitus iustus) (Liv. 35. 2)
    • (模糊)mercenary troops: milites mercennarii or exercitus conducticius
    • (模糊)to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites disciplina coercere
    • (模糊)to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites coercere et in officio continere (B. C. 1. 67. 4)
    • (模糊)to take the troops to their winter-quarters: milites in hibernis collocare, in hiberna deducere
    • (模糊)to leave troops to guard the camp: praesidio castris milites relinquere
    • (模糊)to harangue the soldiers: contionari apud milites (B. C. 1. 7)
    • (模糊)to harangue the soldiers: contionem habere apud milites
    • (模糊)to disembark troops: milites in terram, in terra exponere
  • miles in Ramminger, Johann (访问于16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

異序詞[编辑]


西班牙語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

miles m pl

  1. 數千,mil複數
    miles de años atrás / hace miles de años
    數千年前
    近義詞: millares

使用注意[编辑]

  • miles 只用於表示“數千”這一數量不確指的義項:
miles de pesos – 數千比索
  • 如果數量是確指,則用單數 mil
dos mil pesos — 兩千比索
cien mil pesos — 十萬比索