hypernym

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
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泛称,总称,比如:吉他是一个具体的乐器名称,乐器则是总称。 示列:"Musical instrument" is a hypernym of "guitar" because musical instruments include guitars. 反义词:hypponym 具体名称 示列:"guitar" is hyponym of "Musical instrument" .

         Dog is hyponym of animal. 
         British is a hyponym of European.