hwæt

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古英語[编辑]

其他寫法[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自原始日耳曼語 *hwat ← 原始印歐語 *kʷod。與上古菲士蘭語 hwet, 古撒克遜語 hwat, 古荷蘭語 wat, 古高地德語 waz, 古諾爾斯語 hvat等同源。源頭為同一印歐語詞根的還有拉丁語 quod, 立陶宛語 kàd, 愛爾蘭語 cad

發音[编辑]

代詞[编辑]

hwæt n

  1. 什麼
  2. 為什麼
  3. 多少錢(+屬格)
    • 10世紀晚期, Ælfric, “Palm Sunday: On the Lord’s Passion”

      Iūdās sōna ēode tō þāra Iudēisċena rǣde and openlīċe befrān hwæt hīe him fēos ġeūðen ġif hē þone Hǣlend him belǣwan mihte.

    • c. 900, translation of Orosius’ History Against the Pagans

      Be þām hringum man meahte witan hwæt Rōmāna duguþe ġefeallen wæs, for þon þe hit wæs þēaw mid him on þām dagum þæt nān ōðer ne mōste gyldenne hring werian būtan hē æðeles cynnes wǣre.

    • c. 900, translation of Orosius' History Against the Pagans

      Hwæðer Rōmāne hit witon nū ǣnigum menn tō seċġenne hwæt heora folces on Ispāniam on fēawum ġēarum forwurde?

    • The Dialogues of Solomon and Saturn

      Sæġe mē hwæt fisċcynna sīe.

  4. 某物,某些東西
    • c. 900, translation of Orosius' History Against the Pagans

      Sēo lēo bringþ hungrigum hwelpum hwæt tō etenne.

    • c. 1011, Byrhtferth, Manual

      Ġif þū tōdǣlst hwæt on fēower, se fēorða dǣl biþ quadrans ġeċīeġed, and þā ōðre dōdrantēs bēoþ ġenemnede.

    • 10世紀晚期, Ælfric, “Preface to Genesis”

      Þā unġelǣredan prēostas, ġif hīe hwæt lȳtles understandaþ of þām Lǣdenbōcum, þonne þyncþ him sōna þæt hīe mæġen mǣre lārēowas bēon.

變格[编辑]

Template:Ang-decl-hwa

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 英語: what

感歎詞[编辑]

hwæt

副詞[编辑]

hwæt

  1. 現在確實

參考資料[编辑]