grue

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英語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自中古英語 gruen,可能源自中古低地德語 gruwen中古荷蘭語 gruwen (對比荷蘭語gruwen),源自原始日耳曼語 *grūwijaną

動詞[编辑]

to grue(第三人称单数现在式 grues,现在分词 grueing,过去式 grueed,过去分词 grueed

  1. 不及物〉〈害怕戰慄
    • 1822, Sir Walter Scott, The Pirate, volume I, Philadelphia: H. C. Carey and I. Lea, pages 111–112:
      “It is seenteen hundred linen,” said the pedlar, giving a tweak to one of the shirts, in that knowing manner with which matrons and judges ascertain the texture of the loom ; “it’s seenteen hundred linen, and as strong as an it were dowlas. Nevertheless, mother, your bidding is to be done ; and I would have done Mr. Mordaunt’s bidding too,” he added, relaxing from his note of defiance, into the deferential whining tone with which he cajoled his customers, “if he hadna made use of profane oaths which made my very flesh grue, and caused me, in some sort, to forget myself.”

名詞[编辑]

grue(复数 grues

  1. 顫抖
    • 1921, John Buchan, The Path of the King, chapter 9
      There was a sharp grue of ice in the air.
    • 1964, Geoffrey Jenkins, A Grue of Ice (title)

詞源2[编辑]

逆構自gruesome

名詞[编辑]

grue不可数

  1. 恐怖事件所造成的後果。
    The butcher was covered in the accumulated grue of a hard day's work
    There was grue everywhere after the accident
    • 1958, Samuel Youd, writing as John Christopher, The Caves of Night
      'I've told you - it wasn't much. He tried to kiss me.' She smiled slightly. 'Just after he had shown me the family skeletons.' / 'What a lovely bit of grue!'
    • 1996, Linda Badley, Writing Horror and the Body [1]
      Carrie is Cinderella in the body language of menstrual blood and raging hormones. King’s adolescent joy in grimaces and groans, the Mad magazine humor, and the staple of “grue” hardly need mentioning.
    • 2002, Carole Nelson Douglas, Chapel Noir [2]
      “[...] She is quite agreeable to gruesome ghost stories, but appalled by the lust for life.” / “I admit that I am surprised by how well she handles sheer grue, better than I.”
    • 2004, Talbot Mundy, Guns of the Gods [3]
      “This is the grue,” said Dick, holding his lantern high. / Its light fell on a circle of skeletons, all perfect, each with its head toward a brass bowl in the center.

詞源3[编辑]

可能源自gruesome;最早見於20世紀40年代傑克·萬斯的《Dying Earth》,但因1980年的電腦遊戲《魔域》而流行。

名詞[编辑]

grue(复数 grues

  1. 一種居於黑暗中的吃人者。
    • 1981, Byte magazine (volume 6):
      I managed to get into the house through the front once, but I was plunged into darkness and eaten by a monster called a grue.
    • 2009, "Jas", Hazadous Template:SIC Australian animals the GRUE.... your guide (on Internet newsgroup rec.travel.australia+nz)
      To find a grue, turn off the light at night, or go for a walk in a dark place (but carry a flashlight with you).
    • 2004, "M.D. Dollahite", How would you imagine a grue? (on Internet newsgroup rec.games.int-fiction)
      Incidentally, the best official text description I know of is in Sorcerer, when you actually become a grue and visit a grue colony. IIRC, even that description is vague, but does cannonizeTemplate:SIC that they are large four-legged reptiles.

詞源4[编辑]

green + blue,由納爾遜·古德曼所創。

形容詞[编辑]

grue(无比较级

  1. 指物品粗看是綠色或藍色的。
    • 1965, Nelson Goodman, Fact, Fiction and Forecast,
      The grue property is defined as: x is grue if and only if x is green and is observed before the year 2000, or x is blue and is not observed before the year 2000.
    • 2007, Michael Clark, Paradoxes from A to Z:
      The unexamined emeralds cannot be both green and grue, since if they are grue and unexamined they are blue.
  2. 指部分語言(如威爾士語)中不經區分的綠色或藍色的。

詞源5[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

grue不可数

  1. 〉 監獄的混合雜菜

參見[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]


法語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

TLFi 認為借自通俗拉丁語晚期拉丁語 *grua,源自拉丁語 grūs, gruem

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

grue(〈〉)(复数 grues

  1. 起重機
  2. 站街女

派生詞[编辑]

拓展閱讀[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]


國際語B[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

grue (複數 grues)


拉丁語[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

n.  grue 

  1. grūs 的夺格单数形。

書面挪威語[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自中古低地德語 [Term?],與gruve ()grav (墳墓)有關。

名詞[编辑]

grue fm (定單數 grua or gruen, 不定複數 gruer, 定複數 gruene)

  1. 爐床
近義詞[编辑]

詞源2[编辑]

源自低地德語 gruwen

動詞[编辑]

grue (現在時 gruer, 一般過去式 grua, gruet, grudde, 過去分詞 grua, gruet, grudd)

  1. 因預見將要發生的事而不安緊張
    Han gruet for morgendagen.
    他對明天(將要發生的事情)感到不安。
    Han grudde seg til tannlegen.
    他對要去看牙醫這件事感到很緊張。
使用注意[编辑]

可與反身代詞 seg連用。

參考資料[编辑]

  • “grue”书面挪威语词典中的解释。

新挪威語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自中古低地德語 [Term?],與gruve ()grav (墳墓)有關。

發音[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

grue f (定單數 grua, 不定複數 gruer, 定複數 gruene)

  1. 爐床

參考資料[编辑]