gecko

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英语[编辑]

发音[编辑]

词源 1[编辑]

A female common house gecko (Hemidactylus frenatus)
一只雌性疣尾蜥虎

现代形式可能是由荷蘭語 gekko(1718年)借入英语和其他欧洲语言 (1718)。当时在英语中的形式为chacco(1711年)和jackoa(1724年)。之后的来源不详。一些文献提出了馬來語 gekokgekoqgekop,它们可能是仿自壁虎的叫声。其他理论认为源自亞齊語 gèh-gòh (忙的)

其他形式[编辑]

名词[编辑]

gecko(複數 geckos geckoes

  1. 壁虎
    • 1839,William Rhind,“Reptiles”,出自 Elements of Zoology; Embracing a View of Life as Manifested in the Various Gradations of Organized Beings,Edinburgh:Fraser & Crawford; John Anderson, Junior; and Maclachlan & Stewart; Smith, Elder, & Co. and H. Washbourne, London; W. Curry, Junior, & Co. Dublin, OCLC 33223559, 頁號85–86:
      Order II. Sauria. [] The heart has two auricles. The body is covered with scales, and there are three or four feet. The lungs are large, and extend along the back. The mouth is armed with teeth, and the toes with claws. The tail is long, and often thick at the base. [] Geckotidageco
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1931Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: Biological Sciences,卷號108,London:Royal Society of London, OCLC 856550794, 頁號456:
      Leishmania infantum in Experimental Animals.—Experiments were carried out with geckoes, white mice, field mice (Microtus güntheri) and hamsters (Cricetus auratus and Cricetulus griseus).
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1962Maurice Burton,“Geckoes”,出自 The Illustrated London News,卷號CCXL,期號II,London:Illustrated London News & Sketch Ltd., OCLC 424200096, 頁號548:
      GECKOES constitute a family of lizards remarkable for the large number of species it contains. They are also remarkable for a number of other features: for the readiness with which they have taken to living in houses, for their voices, the structure of their feet, the variation in the shape of the tail and for their eyes. [] As with the more familiar lizards, geckoes have the ability to cast the tail, and counts show that in some species two out of every five individuals have cast the tail and regenerated a new one.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1971Victorian Year Book,Melbourne, Vic.:Government Printer, OCLC 267073805, 頁號23:
      Family Gekkonidae (gekkos). In gekkos the skull is short and flat; the upper temporal bone arch is missing; the post-orbital and lacrimal bones are absent; and the jugal bone is very reduced.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1975年9月27日,Colin Tudge,“How Gekko gecko defies gravity: A careful anatomical study of geckoes, those extremely agile climbing lizards, reveals an extraordinary degree of adaptation of the foot bones and muscles”,出自 New Scientist,卷號67,期號968,London:New Science Publications, OCLC 761620626, 頁號696:
      Many lizards, including the British common and sand lizards of the family Lacertidae, clamber over rocks with great agility; none matches the geckoes, some of which can run up, down, or across vertical glass as easily as most beasts run on the flat, and indeed can happily traverse ceilings.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 1988Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Aligarh,卷號20,Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India:Government of Uttar Pradesh, OCLC 7625267, 頁號15:
      Other reptiles found in the district are the chamaeleon, geco and monitor lizard, the last getting extinct due to netting and shooting. It is now protected by law.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2009 January,Ginel Corina Hill,“Introduction”,出自 Dual-axis MEMS Force Sensors for Gecko Adhesion Studies (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation),Stanford, Calif.:Stanford University, OCLC 930874491, 頁號1:
      The marvelous ability of geckos to run down trees, surefooted and head first, was first noted by Aristotle over two thousand years ago. However, Aristotle was not able to see the tiny hairs, called setae, that cover the toes of geckos and empower this feat. The setae are part of an adhesive system that allows geckos to maneuver on a wide variety of substrates, to run upside-down, and to arrest their falls. Geckos can run vertically at over 1 m/s and can carry over twice their body weight up smooth, vertical surfaces.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2014Wil MaraFrom Gecko Feet to Adhesive Tape (Innovations from Nature),Ann Arbor, Mich.:Cherry Lake Publishing, →ISBN, 頁號21–22:
      The potential uses for gecko-inspired adhesive products are nearly endless. People have found possible uses for them from sports and robotics, to medicine and home improvement.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2016,Martyn Robinson, Australian Wildlife after Dark,Clayton, Vic.:CSIRO Publishing, →ISBN:
      By day, Golden-tailed Geckoes rest under curls of bark, the underside of branches, or in tree hollows but they seem to be fond of heat so these geckoes may even be in a situation where the sun shines on their daytime retreat all day. The Golden-tailed Gecko is an invertebrate-eater and by night its adhesive toe pads allow it to prowl the branches of Brigalow trees with ease, looking for small insects and spiders to capture.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    近義詞: geckotidgeckotiangekkonid
    上位詞: lizard
下义词[编辑]
衍生词汇[编辑]
参考资料[编辑]
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg gecko在英語維基百科上的資料。維基百科 en

动词[编辑]

gecko(第三人稱單數簡單現在時 geckos,現在分詞 geckoing,一般過去時及過去分詞 geckoed

  1. (罕用) 像壁虎一样移动(贴在垂直朝下的平面上)
    • 2006 October,Peter WattsBlindsight,New York, N.Y.:Tor Books, Tom Doherty Associates, →ISBN, 頁號344:
      An emergency handpad, geckoed to the expanding bulkhead, slid past to one side. Sarasti grabbed it and tapped commands.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2009Wendelin Van DraanenThe Gecko & Sticky: The Greatest Power,New York, N.Y.:Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN, 頁號33:
      And as Dave geckoed his way along the walls, he began seeing more and more skid marks left behind by Damien's Sewer Cruiser.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2010,Wendelin Van Draanen, The Gecko & Sticky: Sinister Substitute,New York, N.Y.:Alfred A. Knopf, →ISBN, 頁號121:
      "H-h-here, boss!" Angelo called, and with that Dave kicked into gear, geckoing across the rest of the ceiling to the safety of the adjacent service room.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

词源 2[编辑]

名词[编辑]

gecko

  1. get-go 的拼寫錯誤

参考资料[编辑]

  • gecko in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
  • OneLook 在线词典 上有关 gecko 的释义

法语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自荷蘭語 gekko,可能源自馬來語亞齊語。对比英語 gecko

发音[编辑]

名词[编辑]

gecko m(複數 geckos

  1. 壁虎

延伸阅读[编辑]


罗马尼亚语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自法語 gecko

名词[编辑]

gecko m不可數

  1. 壁虎

变格[编辑]