erstwhile

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典
跳到导航 跳到搜索

英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

erst (第一的,以前的) +‎ while

发音[编辑]

副词[编辑]

erstwhile(無比較級

  1. 曾经过去

近义词[编辑]

形容词[编辑]

erstwhile(無比較級

  1. (書面, 法律) 之前的,曾经
    近義詞: formeroncepreviousquondamonetime;亦參見Thesaurus:former
    • 1905Baroness Emmuska Orczy,章號2,出自 The Disappearance of Count Collini[1]:
      “Scarcely had Alice reached her twentieth birthday, than she gave her erstwhile fiancée [sic] his formal congé. […]”
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2017年10月14日,Paul Doyle,“Mauricio Pellegrino yet to find attacking solution for stuttering Southampton”,出自 the Guardian[2]:
      Other erstwhile stalwarts are also wavering. Southampton had two of the best full-backs in the league last season but Ryan Bertrand has been below par this season and Cédric Soares made an uncharacteristic lapse that led to Stoke’s winning goal in Southampton’s last outing.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. (官方不建议使用) 尊敬
    • 1999年11月1日,Frank Bruni,引用George W. Bush,“For Bush, an Adjustable Speech Of Tested Themes and Phrases”,出自 New York Times[3]:
      If you're for one of my erstwhile opponents, that's O.K. Just don't work too hard.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

用法说明[编辑]

使用erstwhile指代“尊敬的”起源自在“erstwhile colleague”之类的短语内被人误读为esteemed等词的近义词,大多数权威机构不建议如此使用。[1][2]

参考资料[编辑]

  1. 2005, May 21, Ruth Wajnryb, Erstwhile errors in do-it-yourself English, Sydney Morning Herald.
  2. 2003, July 4, Jed Hartman, Words easily confused #7

异序词[编辑]