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encroach

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

英语

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词源

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源自中古英語 encrochen,源自古法語 encrochier (占领),源自古法語 en- + croc (钩子),源自日耳曼語族。详见crook

发音

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动词

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encroach (第三人稱單數簡單現在時 encroaches,現在分詞 encroaching,一般過去時及過去分詞 encroached)

  1. (及物棄用) 抢占占领夺取
  2. (不及物) 占有侵占侵犯蚕食侵蚀
    • 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], The Shepheardes Calender: Conteyning Tvvelue Æglogues Proportionable to the Twelue Monethes. Entitled to the Noble and Vertuous Gentleman most Worthy of all Titles both of Learning and Cheualrie M. Philip Sidney, London: Printed by Hugh Singleton, dwelling in Creede Lane neere vnto Ludgate at the signe of the gylden Tunne, and are there to be solde, OCLC 606515406; republished in Francis J[ames] Child, editor, The Poetical Works of Edmund Spenser: The Text Carefully Revised, and Illustrated with Notes, Original and Selected by Francis J. Child: Five Volumes in Three, volume III, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company; The Riverside Press, Cambridge, published 1855, OCLC 793557671, page 406, lines 222–228:
      Now stands the Brere like a lord alone, / Puffed up with pryde and vaine pleasaunce. / But all this glee had no continuaunce: / For eftsones winter gan to approche; / The blustering Boreas did encroche, / And beate upon the solitarie Brere; / For nowe no succoure was seene him nere.
    • 2005, Plato, 譯者 Lesley Brown, Sophist,頁號 252d:
      Because change itself would absolutely stay-stable, and again, conversely, stability itself would change, if each of them encroached on the other.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    I won't encroach on your time any longer.
    我就不占用你的时间了。
    He never allows work to encroach upon his family life.
    他从不让工作占领他和家人的时间。
    Gradually the negative feelings encroached into her work.
    负面情绪渐渐地侵蚀她的工作。

衍生词汇

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名词

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encroach (複數 encroaches)

  1. (罕用) encroachment之同義詞
    • 1805, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, What is Life?:
      All that we see, all colours of all shade,
      By encroach of darkness made?
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 2002, Caroline Winterer, The Culture of Classicism, JHU Press, 出版於 2002,頁號 116:
      Shorey was among the most vociferous opponents of the encroach of scientism and utilitarianism in education and society in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)

异序词

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