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egregious

維基詞典,自由的多語言詞典

英语[编辑]

词源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 ēgregius,源自e- (自,从) + grex (群,群体) + 英语形容词后缀-ous,源自晚期拉丁语后缀-osus (充满...的),反映了带有正面色彩的“出类拔萃”。

发音[编辑]

  • 國際音標(幫助)/ɪˈɡɹiː.d͡ʒəs/, /əˈɡɹiː.d͡ʒi.əs/
  • (美国)音频(檔案)
  • 韻部:-iːdʒəs

形容词[编辑]

egregious (比較級 more egregious最高級 most egregious)

  1. 严重的,剧烈尤带有负面色彩
    The student has made egregious errors on the examination.
    学生在考试时犯了很严重的错误。
    • 16thC, Christopher Marlowe, Ignoto,
      I cannot cross my arms, or sigh "Ah me," / "Ah me forlorn!" egregious foppery! / I cannot buss thy fill, play with thy hair, / Swearing by Jove, "Thou art most debonnaire!"
    • Template:RQ:Shakespeare All's Well
    • 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], 章號 XXXI, 出自 Francesca Carrara. [], 卷 III, London: Richard Bentley, [], (successor to Henry Colburn), →OCLC頁號 257:
      Good Heaven! when we observe what egregious nonsense other people talk, what woful follies other people commit, sure we must be tempted to turn upon ourselves and ask—"What do I do that is equally silly?"
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
    • 22 March 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Hunger Games[1]
      When the goal is simply to be as faithful as possible to the material—as if a movie were a marriage, and a rights contract the vow—the best result is a skillful abridgment, one that hits all the important marks without losing anything egregious.
    • 2014 1月 21, Hermione Hoby, “Julia Roberts interview for August: Osage County – 'I might actually go to hell for this ...': Julia Roberts reveals why her violent, Oscar-nominated performance in August: Osage County made her feel 'like a terrible person' [print version: 'I might actually go to hell for this ...' (18 January 2014, p. R4)]”, 出自 The Daily Telegraph (Review)[2]:
      She's sitting opposite a window that's gently breezing into her face, wafting her hair into cover-girl perfection ... It's a little moment that seems to encapsulate her appeal: ... her gorgeousness being so egregious that even breezes oblige with their tousle-fanning effects ...
      (請為本引文添加中文翻譯)
  2. 非常的,非常糟糕的,骇人听闻

用法说明[编辑]

负面词义在16世纪末叶出现,可能是为了讽刺。在那之前指正面的“出类拔萃”,“杰出”。Webster亦给出了古旧词义“杰出的”,并注解说现代词义常带负面色彩(比如“an eregious error”),常前接于表述性名词,如assblundererrascalrogue。意大利语和西班牙语同源词egregio以及葡萄牙語 egrégio仍保留且仅限于褒义。

衍生词汇[编辑]

相关词汇[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]