clavis

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英語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

源自拉丁語 clāvis。參見clef

發音[编辑]

  • (英國美國) IPA(幫助)/ˈklæv.ɪs/

名詞[编辑]

clavis(複數 clavises claves

  1. 羅馬時期的鑰匙
    • 1873, "Proceedings", April 9th, Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 29: 202
      Iron clavis, the solid web-shaped at the edges to fit the wards in the lock, and having a pointed broach and a kite-formed looped haft.
  2. 約束手的器具
    • 1904, Luther V. Bell, quoted in The Arena, 32: 540
      His hands were restrained by means of a clavis and bolt (of iron), appropriated to each wrist, and united by a padlock.
  3. 術語表
    • 1784, William Cowper, in [1836] Robert Southey (ed.), The Works of William Cowper, with a Life of the Author, volume V, page 54
      Homer, with a clavis, I have had possession of some years.
  4. 此詞需要釋義。請幫手添加
    • 1921, Journal of Botany 59: 180
      There are many disadvantages in using a clavis intended for another country, which necessarily includes plants that are absent from our islands while it omits some that are present and neglects the peculiarities of our island flora.

近義詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]

異序詞[编辑]


加泰羅尼亞語[编辑]

動詞[编辑]

clavis

  1. clavar 的第二人称单数现在虚拟式形。

拉丁語[编辑]

clāvis

詞源[编辑]

源自原始意大利語 *klāwis。或派生自原始印歐語 *kleh₂u- (釘子,大頭釘,用來鎖門的鉤子樣的器具),參見clāvus (釘子)(可能借自古希臘語 κλείς (kleís))。

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈklaː.wis/, [ˈkɫ̪aː.wɪs]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈkla.vis/, [ˈklaː.vis]
  • 文檔

名詞[编辑]

clāvis f(属格 clāvis); 第三类变格

  1. 鑰匙
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 24:
      Post hanc orationem claves portarum pecuniaeque regiae ante pedes eorum posuit.
      After this discourse he laid the keys of the gates and of the royal treasure at their feet.
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Iudicum.3.25:
      [] et videntes quod nullus aperiret tulerunt clavem et aperientes invenerunt dominum suum iacentem in terra mortuum
      [] and, behold, he did not open the doors; therefore they took a key and opened [the doors] to enter [but] their lord was lying dead on the ground.
  2. 旋緊螺絲

使用注意[编辑]

勿與clāva (击棍)clāvus (釘子)混淆。

變格[编辑]

第三類變格 noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -em or -im, ablative singular in -e or )。

單數 複數
主格 clāvis clāvēs
屬格 clāvis clāvium
與格 clāvī clāvibus
賓格 clāvem
clāvim
clāvēs
clāvīs
奪格 clāve
clāvī
clāvibus
呼格 clāvis clāvēs

派生詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]

派生語彙[编辑]

參見[编辑]

  • Wikipedia-logo.svg clavis在拉丁語維基百科上的資料。維基百科 la
  • clāva
  • clāvus

參考資料[编辑]