aliquis

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拉丁語[编辑]

詞源[编辑]

alius (其他的) +‎ quis(疑問代詞)

發音[编辑]

  • (古典) IPA(幫助)/ˈa.li.kʷis/, [ˈa.lʲɪ.kᶣɪs]
  • (教會) IPA(幫助)/ˈa.li.kwis/, [ˈaː.li.kwis]
  • (通俗) IPA(幫助)/ˈa.li.kʷis/, [ˈa.le.kʷes]

代詞[编辑]

aliquis(中性 aliquid

  1. (代詞) 某人,某,某
    Petere aliquem ēnse.
    用劍攻擊某人
    Petere aliquem hasta.
    用矛攻擊某人
  2. (限定詞) 某些

使用注意[编辑]

  • , nisi, num, 後時, ali- 脫落;參見quis
  • 規範來講,aliquī是限定詞(類形容詞),aliquis是代詞(類名詞),但用法互換的情況時有發生,甚至古典作家也會如此使用:[1]
    • Pūblius Vergilius Marō, Aenēis, liber II. In: Virgil with an English translation by H. Rushton Fairclough, vol. I of two volumes, 1916, p. 296f.:
      aut hōc inclūsī lignō occultantur Achīvī,
      aut haec in nostrōs fabricāta est māchina mūrōs,
      īnspectūra domōs ventūraque dēsuper urbī,
      aut aliquis latet error; equō nē crēdite, Teucrī.
      Either enclosed in this frame there lurk Achaeans, or this has been built as an engine of war against our walls, to spy into our homes and come down upon the city from above; or some trickery lurks therein. Trust not the horse, ye Trojans.

變格[编辑]

Indeclinable portion with a relative/interrogative pronoun。

單數 複數
格 / 性 陽性 陰性 中性 陽性 陰性 中性
主格 aliquis aliquid aliquī aliquae
屬格 alicuius
alicujus
aliquōrum aliquārum aliquōrum
與格 alicui aliquibus
賓格 aliquem aliquid aliquōs aliquās aliquae
奪格 aliquō aliquibus

派生詞[编辑]

相關詞彙[编辑]

Template:La-correlatives

派生語彙[编辑]

  • 阿斯圖里亞斯語: daquién
  • 加泰羅尼亞語: algú
  • 葡萄牙語: alguém
  • 西班牙語: alguien

參見[编辑]

参考资料[编辑]

  • aliquis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • aliquis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aliquis在Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français(圖解拉丁語-法語詞典), Hachette中的內容。
  • Template:R:M&A
  1. Template:R:la:A&G:
    "Note.—Aliquī is sometimes used substantively and aliquis as an adjective."