addle

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英語[编辑]

發音[编辑]

詞源1[编辑]

源自中古英語 addlen, adlen ← 古英語 edlēan (回報,報酬), edlēanian (回報,報酬);或源自古諾爾斯語 ǫðlask (得到,擁有) ← ōðal (財產)

動詞[编辑]

to addle(第三人称单数现在式 addles,现在分词 addleing,过去式 addleed,过去分词 addleed

  1. (英格蘭北部)
    • 1818, Samuel Johnson; H[enry] J[ohn] Todd, A Dictionary of the English Language; in which the Words are Deduced from their Originals; and Illustrated in their Different Significations, by Examples from the Best Writers: Together with a History of the Language, and an English Grammar. By Samuel Johnson LL D. With Numerous Corrections, and with the Addition of Several Thousand Words, and also with Additions to the History of the Language, and to the Grammar, by the Rev. H. J. Todd [...] In Four Volumes[1], volume IV, London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, OCLC 83215348:
      To ADDLEv. n. Dr. Johnson calls this word obsolete. Mr. Boucher defines it "to earn by working," and considers it as a Yorkshire, Staffordshire, Cumberland, and Cheshire word; derived from the Sax. æðlean, or eðlean, merces, retributio, renumeratio, whence also addlings, wages received for work. A gentleman has informed me, that in Nottinghamshire, and throughout the north, with some variation of sound, addle and addlings are now in use. He has also obligingly explained the use of the word by [Thomas] Tusser, whom Dr. Johnson cites. "Ivy will so embrace a tree as not only to prevent its encrease, but to kill it. Tusser therefore advises to kill the ivy, or the tree will not addle, that is, will not earn or produce any other profit to its owner."
    • 1855, "An inhabitant" [pseudonym; Francis Kildale Robinson], A Glossary of Yorkshire Words and Phrases, Collected in Whitby and the Neighbourhood. With Examples of their Colloquial Use, and Allusions to Local Customs and Traditions, London: John Russell Smith, 36, Soho Square, OCLC 318615, page 2:
      ADDLINGS, wages. "Poor addlings," small pay for work. "Hard addlings," money laboriously acquired. "Saving's good addling," as the well known saying, "a penny saved is a penny gained."
    • 1862, anonymous [C. Clough Robinson], The Dialect of Leeds and Its Neighbourhood, London: John Russell Smith, page 233:
      ADDLE. To earn. "It's weel-addled" – well-earned. "Addle nowt an' ware at t' end on 't, an' tha'll soin ha' to leuk rarnd t' corners." – Earn nothing and spend hard, and you'll soon come to poverty.
  2. (英格蘭北部) 繁盛,成熟

詞源2[编辑]

源自中古英語 adel (腐爛的) ← 古英語 adel, adela (泥潭,水池,液肥) ← 原始日耳曼語 *adalaz, *adalô (牛糞,液肥)。類似低地蘇格蘭語 adill, 北弗里西語 ethel (尿), 沙特弗里西語 adel (糞便), 中古低地德語 adele (泥,液肥) (荷蘭語 aal (水窪)), 古瑞典語 adel (尿)巴伐利亞語 Adel (液肥)

形容詞[编辑]

addle(比较级 more addle,最高级 most addle

  1. 腐爛
    addle eggs
    壞掉的蛋
  2. 困惑的,糊塗
    addle brains
    混亂的腦
派生詞[编辑]

名詞[编辑]

addle(复数 addles

  1. 液肥泥潭
  2. 殘渣

動詞[编辑]

to addle(第三人称单数现在式 addles,现在分词 addleing,过去式 addleed,过去分词 addleed

  1. 使糊塗
  2. 不破壞殼而使受精的卵失活
    • Lua错误 在Module:Check_isxn的第138行:attempt to index field 'args' (a nil value)
      The term shocking or addling trout and salmon eggs is applied to the process of turning the infertile eggs white so they can be separated from the fertile ones. Actually, this amounts to nothing more than agitating the eggs enough to rupture the yolk membrane in the infertile eggs, which causes them to turn white.

名詞[编辑]

addle(复数 addles

  1. 遲鈍者

異序詞[编辑]