附錄:希臘字母

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參見:希臘數字及計量單位希臘語標點符號

本附錄列舉現代希臘語的24個字母、變音記號、標點符號以及一些較爲少用的字母。

字母[编辑]

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中文 希臘語 大寫 小寫 中文 希臘語 大寫 小寫
1 阿爾法 άλφα Α α       13 νι Ν ν
2 貝塔 βήτα Β β 14 克西 ξι Ξ ξ
3 伽馬 γάμα Γ γ 15 奧米克戎 όμικρον Ο ο
4 德爾塔 δέλτα Δ δ 16 πι Π π
5 艾普西隆 έψιλον Ε ε 17 ρο Ρ ρ
6 澤塔 ζήτα Ζ ζ 18 西格瑪 σίγμα Σ σ
7 伊塔 ήτα Η η 19 ταυ Τ τ
8 西塔 θήτα Θ θ 20 宇普西隆 ύψιλον Υ υ
9 約塔 γιώτα Ι ι 21 φι Φ φ
10 卡帕 κάππα Κ κ 22 χι Χ χ
11 拉姆達 λάμδα Λ λ 23 普西 ψι Ψ ψ
12 μι Μ μ 24 歐米伽 ωμέγα Ω ω

變音記號[编辑]

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1982年改革後,希臘語日常書寫只剩下兩種變音符號: accent  ΄  (τόνος) 以及 diaeresis  ¨  (διαλυτικά), 有時也有  ΅ ,如καΐκι (kaḯki)。一般來說,多於一個音節的詞都會標記重音記號。

書寫希臘數字時另有兩個符號:numeral sign  ʹ  (eg Δʹ = 4) ,以及 lower numeral sign  ͵  (eg ͵Δ = 4,000)。

變體字母[编辑]

英語 希臘語
turned iota γιώτα
final sigma σίγμα ς

 稱爲σίγμα τελικό (sígma telikó, final sigma),只用於詞尾。

古字母[编辑]

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在現代希臘語中已不常用的字母。

英語 希臘語 大寫 小寫 註釋
digamma δίγαμμα Ϝ ϝ 希臘數字 Ϝ΄ (= 6)
pamphylian digamma δίγαμμα Ͷ ͷ
stigma στίγμα Ϛ ϛ 希臘數字 Ϛ΄ (= 6)
heta ήτα Ͱ ͱ
yot γιοτ Ϳ ϳ
san σαν Ϻ ϻ
koppa κόππα Ϟ ϟ 希臘數字 Ϟ΄ (= 90)
old koppa κόππα Ϙ ϙ 希臘數字 Ϙ΄ (= 90)
sampi σαμπί Ϡ ϡ 希臘數字 Ϡ΄ (= 900)
old sampi σαμπί Ͳ ͳ 希臘數字 Ͳ΄ (= 900)
sho σω Ϸ ϸ

Unicode[编辑]

16進制 10進制 輸出 描述(英語)
U+0374 Alt+884 ʹ Greek Numeral Sign
U+0375 Alt+885 ͵ Greek Lower Numeral Sign
U+(0376-0379) undefined
U+037A Alt+890 ͺ Greek Ypogegrammeni (iota subscript)
U+037B Alt+891 ͻ Greek Small Reversed Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+037C Alt+892 ͼ Greek Small Dotted Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+037D Alt+893 ͽ Greek Small Reversed Dotted Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+037E Alt+894  ; Greek Question Mark
U+037F Alt+895 Ϳ Greek Capital Letter Yot
U+(0380-0383) undefined
U+0384 Alt+900 ΄ Greek Tonos (acute accent)
U+0385 Alt+901 ΅ Greek Dialytika Tonos (diaeresis + accent)
U+0386 Alt+902 Ά Greek Capital Letter Alpha with Tonos
U+0387 Alt+903 · Greek Ano Teleia (Raised point)
U+0388 Alt+904 Έ Greek Capital Letter Epsilon with Tonos
U+0389 Alt+905 Ή Greek Capital Letter Eta with Tonos
U+038A Alt+906 Ί Greek Capital Letter Iota with Tonos
U+038B undefined
U+038C Alt+908 Ό Greek Capital Letter Omicron with Tonos
U+038D undefined
U+038E Alt+910 Ύ Greek Capital Letter Upsilon with Tonos
U+038F Alt+911 Ώ Greek Capital Letter Omega with Tonos
U+0390 Alt+912 ΐ Greek Small Letter Iota with Dialitika and Tonos
U+0391 Alt+913 Α Greek Capital Letter Alpha
U+0392 Alt+914 Β Greek Capital Letter Beta
U+0393 Alt+915 Γ Greek Capital Letter Gamma
U+0394 Alt+916 Δ Greek Capital Letter Delta
U+0395 Alt+917 Ε Greek Capital Letter Epsilon
U+0396 Alt+918 Ζ Greek Capital Letter Zeta
U+0397 Alt+919 Η Greek Capital Letter Eta
U+0398 Alt+920 Θ Greek Capital Letter Theta
U+0399 Alt+921 Ι Greek Capital Letter Iota
U+039A Alt+922 Κ Greek Capital Letter Kappa
U+039B Alt+923 Λ Greek Capital Letter Lambda
U+039C Alt+924 Μ Greek Capital Letter Mu
U+039D Alt+925 Ν Greek Capital Letter Nu
U+039E Alt+926 Ξ Greek Capital Letter Xi
U+039F Alt+927 Ο Greek Capital Letter Omicron
U+03A0 Alt+928 Π Greek Capital Letter Pi
U+03A1 Alt+929 Ρ Greek Capital Letter Rho
U+03A2 undefined
U+03A3 Alt+931 Σ Greek Capital Letter Sigma
U+03A4 Alt+932 Τ Greek Capital Letter Tau
U+03A5 Alt+933 Υ Greek Capital Letter Upsilon
U+03A6 Alt+934 Φ Greek Capital Letter Phi
U+03A7 Alt+935 Χ Greek Capital Letter Chi
U+03A8 Alt+936 Ψ Greek Capital Letter Psi
U+03A9 Alt+937 Ω Greek Capital Letter Omega
U+03AA Alt+937 Ϊ Greek Capital Letter Iota with Dialytika
U+03AB Alt+939 Ϋ Greek Capital Letter Upsilon with Dialitika
U+03AC Alt+940 ά Greek Small Letter Alpha with Tonos
U+03AD Alt+941 έ Greek Small Letter Epsilon with Tonos
U+03AE Alt+942 ή Greek Small Letter Eta with Tonos
U+03AF Alt+943 ί Greek Small Letter Iota with Tonos
U+03B0 Alt+944 ΰ Greek Small Letter Upsilon with Dialitika and Tonos
U+03B1 Alt+945 α Greek Small Letter Alpha
U+03B2 Alt+946 β Greek Small Letter Beta
U+03B3 Alt+947 γ Greek Small Letter Gamma
U+03B4 Alt+948 δ Greek Small Letter Delta
U+03B5 Alt+949 ε Greek Small Letter Epsilon
U+03B6 Alt+950 ζ Greek Small Letter Zeta
U+03B7 Alt+951 η Greek Small Letter Eta
U+03B8 Alt+952 θ Greek Small Letter Theta
U+03B9 Alt+953 ι Greek Small Letter Iota
U+03BA Alt+954 κ Greek Small Letter Kappa
U+03BB Alt+955 λ Greek Small Letter Lambda
U+03BC Alt+956 μ Greek Small Letter Mu
U+03BD Alt+957 ν Greek Small Letter Nu
U+03BE Alt+958 ξ Greek Small Letter Xi
U+03BF Alt+959 ο Greek Small Letter Omicron
U+03C0 Alt+960 π Greek Small Letter Pi
U+03C1 Alt+961 ρ Greek Small Letter Rho
U+03C2 Alt+962 ς Greek Small Letter Final Sigma
U+03C3 Alt+963 σ Greek Small Letter Sigma
U+03C4 Alt+964 τ Greek Small Letter Tau
U+03C5 Alt+965 υ Greek Small Letter Upsilon
U+03C6 Alt+966 φ Greek Small Letter Phi
U+03C7 Alt+967 χ Greek Small Letter Chi
U+03C8 Alt+968 ψ Greek Small Letter Psi
U+03C9 Alt+969 ω Greek Small Letter Omega
U+03CA Alt+970 ϊ Greek Small Letter Iota with Dialytika
U+03CB Alt+971 ϋ Greek Small Letter Upsilon with Dialytika
U+03CC Alt+972 ό Greek Small Letter Omicron with Tonos
U+03CD Alt+973 ύ Greek Small Letter Upsilon with Tonos
U+03CE Alt+974 ώ Greek Small Letter Omega with Tonos
U+03CF undefined
U+03D0 Alt+976 ϐ Greek Beta Symbol
U+03D1 Alt+977 ϑ Greek Theta Symbol
U+03D2 Alt+978 ϒ Greek Upsilon with hook Symbol
U+03D3 Alt+979 ϓ Greek Upsilon with acute and hook Symbol
U+03D4 Alt+980 ϔ Greek Upsilon with diaeresis and hook Symbol
U+03D5 Alt+981 ϕ Greek Phi Symbol
U+03D6 Alt+982 ϖ Greek Pi Symbol
U+03D7 Alt+983 ϗ Greek Kai Symbol (equiv to &)
U+03D8 Alt+984 Ϙ Greek Letter Archaic Koppa
U+03D9 Alt+985 ϙ Greek Small Letter Archaic Koppa
U+03DA Alt+986 Ϛ Greek Letter Stigma
U+03DB Alt+987 ϛ Greek Small Letter Stigma
U+03DC Alt+988 Ϝ Greek Letter Digamma
U+03DD Alt+989 ϝ Greek Small Letter Digamma
U+03DE Alt+990 Ϟ Greek Letter Koppa
U+03DF Alt+991 ϟ Greek Small Letter Koppa
U+03E0 Alt+992 Ϡ Greek Letter Sampi
U+03E1 Alt+993 ϡ Greek Small Letter Sampi
U+(03E2-03EF) are Coptic letters
U+03F0 Alt+1008 ϰ Greek Kappa Symbol
U+03F1 Alt+1009 ϱ Greek Rho Symbol
U+03F2 Alt+1010 ϲ Greek Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+03F3 Alt+1011 ϳ Greek Letter Yot
U+03F4 Alt+1012 ϴ Greek Capital Theta Symbol
U+03F5 Alt+1013 ϵ Greek Lunate Epsilon Symbol
U+03F6 Alt+1014 ϶ Greek Reversed Lunate Epsilon Symbol
U+03F7 Alt+1015 Ϸ Greek Capital Letter Sho
U+03F8 Alt+1016 ϸ Greek Small Letter Sho
U+03F9 Alt+1017 Ϲ Greek Capital Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+03FA Alt+1018 Ϻ Greek Capital Letter San
U+03FB Alt+1019 ϻ Greek Small Letter San
U+03FC Alt+1020 ϼ Greek Rho with stroke Symbol
U+03FD Alt+1021 Ͻ Greek Capital Reversed Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+03FE Alt+1022 Ͼ Greek Capital Dotted Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+03FF Alt+1023 Ͽ Greek Capital Reversed Dotted Lunate Sigma Symbol
U+2129 Alt+8489 Turned Greek Small Letter Iota

參見[编辑]